Home link
Home link     FAQ link links page  
What's new link     Outreach link Intranet link  
      A multi agency project funded by US EPA's STAR Program
Toxics link Birds link
Plants link
Frogs link
bugs link
Fish link
Algae link Water link

Testing Indicators of Coastal Ecosystem Integrity
Using Macroinvertebrates

Aquatic insects (mayflies, dragonflies, whirligig beetles, water striders, and many others) and other invertebrates (snails, aquatic worms, leeches, scuds, crayfish, clams, etc.) form an important part of Great Lakes nearshore and coastal wetland ecosystems. Although we usually think of these animals as "fish and duck food," aquatic invertebrates play a crucial role in recycling nutrients.

The life cycle and feeding habits of aquatic invertebrates bring them into close contact with bottom sediments, which may contain persistant toxic chemicals. In addition, many invertebrates are sensitive to changes in habitat resulting from erosion and sedimentation, loss or alteration of wetland plant species, nutrient additions, and exotic species. These characteristics make aquatic invertebrates good indicators of the condition of aquatic habitats and ecosystems.

Scientific Abstract Collecting Invertebrates

Dr. Lucinda Johnson, Natural Resources Research Institute, University of Minnesota Duluth
Dr. Carl Richards, Minnesota Sea Grant, Duluth
Dr. Tom Hrabik, Department of Biology, University of Minnesota Duluth
Dr. Jan Ciborowski, University of Windsor, Ontario, Canada

Dr. John Brazner, Dr. Naomi Detenbeck, Dr. John Kelly, Dr. John Morrice, Dr. Michael Sierszen, and Dr. Anett Trebitz, US EPA, Mid-Continent Ecology Division, Duluth, Minnesota.